Eating dairy products and calcium tied to lower incidence, but cheese may increase incidence
MONDAY, April 11 (HealthDay News) -- High consumption of dairy products (other than cheese) and calcium is associated with a lower nine-year incidence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and impaired fasting glycemia and/or type 2 diabetes (IFG/T2D), according to a study published in the April issue of Diabetes Care.
Frédéric Fumeron, Ph.D., from the Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale in Paris, and colleagues assessed the influence of dairy products on incident MetS and IFG/T2D during a nine-year follow-up. Participants included 3,435 individuals from the French Data from the Epidemiological Study on the Insulin Resistance Syndrome (DESIR) cohort who completed a food frequency questionnaire at baseline and after three years. The association between milk and dairy products, cheese, and dietary calcium density and incident MetS and IFG/T2D was evaluated after adjusting for age, sex, alcohol, smoking, physical activity, fat intake, and body mass index (BMI).
The investigators found that cheese was negatively associated with incident MetS while other dairy products and dietary calcium density were inversely associated with incident MetS and IFG/T2D. Dairy products, cheese, and calcium density were correlated with reduced diastolic blood pressure and smaller increases in BMI. Higher calcium density and cheese intake were associated with lower triglyceride levels and a lower increase in waist circumference. Calcium density was correlated with a lower nine-year increase in triglyceride levels and lower systolic blood pressure.
"A higher consumption of dairy products and calcium was associated with a lower incidence of MetS and IFG/T2D during a nine-year follow-up period," the authors write.
The DESIR study was supported by several pharmaceutical and medical device companies.
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