MONDAY, May 18 (HealthDay News) -- Among the multicultural population of nurses working in Kuwait, professional opportunities and extrinsic rewards are the greatest sources of dissatisfaction with work, according to a study published in the May issue of Applied Nursing Research.
Naser Al-Enezi, Ph.D., of the Ministry of Health in Sulaibekhat, Kuwait, and colleagues conducted a study of 500 nurses, of whom 436 (87.2 percent) completed a questionnaire on job satisfaction, as well as supplying details of age, gender, nationality, educational qualifications and experience, salary, and marital status.
Five factors affecting job satisfaction emerged from the data, namely professional opportunities, recognition and praise, duty scheduling, responsibility and control, and extrinsic rewards, which in all accounted for 59.5 percent of variance in job satisfaction, the researchers found. The greatest level of dissatisfaction was expressed in the realms of professional opportunities and extrinsic rewards, the researchers note. Although the respondents reported satisfaction in the other three areas, their level of satisfaction was low.
"The worldwide shortage of nurses highlights the importance of understanding the variables of job satisfaction of those in the profession to sustain recruitment and retention for high-quality nursing service," the authors write. "The findings of this study provide a number of crucial relationships that must be addressed to improve nurses' satisfaction with their work and, thereby, the quality of service that they offer."
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