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  1. Wittmann-Price, Ruth PhD, RN, CNS, CNE
  2. Celia, Linda M. MSN, RN, BC


Many patients spend their last days in expensive, painful intensive care units instead of receiving comfortable, palliative care. This study surveyed perceptions of physicians and nurses about using the more holistic "allow natural death" (AND) terminology in end-of-life care as opposed to the current "do not resusciate" (DNR) order.