Buy this Article for $7.95

Have a coupon or promotional code? Enter it here:

When you buy this you'll get access to the ePub version, a downloadable PDF, and the ability to print the full article.


caring, ethics, justice, responsibility, theory



  1. Olsen, Douglas P. RN, PhD


The article describes a cognitive structural theory of how nurses conceive or understand the personhood of patients. The theory postulates three levels that have the properties of cognitive structures. The third and highest level is held to be a meta-ethical theory of the moral structure of care. For nurses operating with level-III understanding, critiques of justice and care-based ethics are further held to be synthesized within.