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Source:

Nursing2015

February 2004, Volume 34 Number 2 , p 30 - 30

Author

  • BARBARA SHEFF RN, CPH, HNC, MT(ASCP), MA

Abstract

Graphics

  • Figure. No Caption A...

    Type of microbe: Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium. The most common species is Shigella sonnei .

    Figure. No Caption Available Diseases caused: shigellosis (bacillary dysentery). The most communicable of all bacterial diarrheal infections, this illness usually occurs within 1 to 3 days after someone consumes contaminated food or water or comes in contact with an infected person's stool. Outbreaks commonly occur in warm climates and among large groups of people in closed settings, such as military bases and schools. Children are especially vulnerable.

    Signs and symptoms: abdominal pain, cramping, fever, and voluminous, watery stool. Untreated illness usually lasts 5 to 7 days. One to 2 days after symptom onset, the fever subsides, but mucoid, often bloody, diarrhea persists. Rectal spasms and urgency may also occur. An infected patient is contagious while he's sick and for up to 14 days afterward. Some ...

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