October 2008, Volume 38 Number 10 , p 63 - 63
Snow, Michelle RN, BSN, MSHR, PhD
Issue: Volume 38(10), October 2008, p 63 Publication Type: [Department: …& more: COMBATING INFECTION] Publisher: © 2008 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.
CAUSED BY THE microscopic protozoa Cryptosporidium , cryptosporidiosis (commonly called “crypto”) is an infectious diarrheal disease that affects humans and animals. It's most commonly transmitted in drinking water or recreational water contaminated with Cryptosporidium parasites from human or animal feces. Because the parasite is protected by an outer shell that allows it to survive outside the body for long periods, it's very resistant to chlorine disinfection. 1 Cryptosporidiosis can also be transmitted through contaminated food or beverages, soil, and objects (fomites).
The CDC estimates that 300,000 cases of cryptosporidiosis occur each year in the United States alone. 1 People with compromised immune systems are especially susceptible to the disease; over 50% of individuals with AIDS ...