January 2009, Volume 39 Number 1 , p 17 - 17
Koerner, Ina Lucinda PhD; Harris, Beth Perret MSN
Issue: Volume 39(1), January 2009, p 17 Publication Type: [upFront: COMBATING INFECTION] Publisher: © 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc. Institution(s): Ina Lucinda Koerner is an assistant professor of nursing and Beth Perret Harris is an instructor at the University of Louisiana in Lafayette, La.
OFTEN CALLED San Joaquin Valley fever, coccidioidomycosis is caused by the Coccidioides immitis fungus, which is typically found in California, and Coccidioides posadasii , which is typically found in Arizona. 1 Common in the dusty soil of these states, these organisms cause about 100,000 infections annually. 2
C. immitis and C. posadasii are highly infectious and cause illness when dust particles containing the organisms' airborne arthrospores are inhaled. Once in the lungs, the spores multiply rapidly. Coccidioidomycosis isn't contagious. Most infections are acquired when people who live in or visit endemic areas engage in activities that disrupt ...