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Source:

Nursing2015

April 2010, Volume 40 Number 4 , p 66 - 66

Author

  • Michelle Snow MSPH, MSHR, BSN, RN

Abstract

CAUSED BY A PARAMYXOVIRUS, mumps is spread via respiratory secretions, saliva, or fomites. In 1964, an estimated 212,000 cases of mumps were reported in the United States; in 2004, only 258 cases were reported. In 2006, an outbreak of mumps occurred in 45 states, mostly on college campuses, resulting in over 6,000 reported cases.1 Recently, another mumps outbreak was reported in New York and New Jersey, resulting in 1,521 lab-confirmed cases as of February 12, 2010.2 The United States isn't the only country facing a resurgence of mumps; the United Kingdom had 5,683 confirmed cases and an estimated 100,000 cases reported from 2003 to 2006.3The resurgence of mumps can be attributed to poor adherence with recommended immunization schedules for the mumps, measles, and rubella (MMR) vaccine; delayed diagnosis and isolation of mumps-infected individuals from the community; and susceptible individuals living or spending time in close quarters such as schools and dormitories.1Common signs

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