Optimism, Lower Hostility Linked to Reduced Mortality

Study finds optimistic women experience lower heart disease outcomes and mortality
By Lisa Cockrell, PhD
HealthDay Reporter

TUESDAY, Aug. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Both optimism and cynical hostility are independently associated with cancer and coronary heart disease outcomes, including mortality, according to research published online Aug. 10 in Circulation.

Hilary A. Tindle, M.D., of the University of Pittsburgh, and colleagues reported an analysis of the Women's Health Initiative study, in which 97,253 women, identified as being free of cancer and cardiovascular disease at study entry, were administered questionnaires at baseline to measure their optimism and cynical hostility. The study follow-up was approximately eight years.

The researchers found that age-adjusted rates of coronary heart disease increased significantly with decreasing levels of optimism and decreased significantly with decreasing levels of hostility. Compared with pessimists, optimists experienced reduced incidence of several health outcomes, including myocardial infarction, coronary heart disease, and all-cause mortality. Cynical hostility was independently associated with increased all-cause mortality and cancer-related mortality; these outcomes were more pronounced in the most hostile African-American women.

"Further research is needed to understand how and why optimism and cynical hostility affect health outcomes in women and how they develop in earlier stages of life, as well as to identify therapies to alter these attitudes in healthy ways," the authors write.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Copyright © 2009 ScoutNews, LLC. All rights reserved.

Powered by

jQuery UI Accordion - Default functionality

For life-long learning and continuing professional development, come to Lippincott's NursingCenter.

Nursing Jobs Plus
Featured Jobs
Recommended CE Articles

Blunt Chest Trauma
Journal of Trauma Nursing, November/December 2014
Expires: 12/31/2016 CE:2 $21.95


The School Age Child with Congenital Heart Disease
MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing, January/February 2015
Expires: 2/28/2017 CE:2.5 $24.95


Understanding multiple myeloma
Nursing Made Incredibly Easy!, January/February 2015
Expires: 2/28/2017 CE:2 $21.95


More CE Articles

Subscribe to Recommended CE

Recommended Nursing Articles

Comprehensive Care: Looking Beyond the Presenting Problem
Journal of Christian Nursing, January/March 2015
Free access will expire on March 2, 2015.


Pain and Alzheimer dementia: A largely unrecognized problem
Nursing Made Incredibly Easy!, January/February 2015
Free access will expire on February 16, 2015.


Glycemic control in hospitalized patients
Nursing2015 Critical Care, January 2015
Free access will expire on February 16, 2015.


More Recommended Articles

Subscribe to Recommended Articles

Evidence Based Practice Skin Care Network NursingCenter Quick Links What’s Trending Events