AACR: Obesity Molecule Likely Linked to Thyroid Cancers

Leptin receptor overexpression associated with poor prognosis and aggressive disease
By A. Agrawal, PhD
HealthDay Reporter

FRIDAY, Oct. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Leptin, a molecule typically associated with obesity, has been shown to be overproduced in thyroid cancers and is associated with more aggressive disease and poorer prognosis, according to a Middle Eastern study presented at the American Association for Cancer Research Frontiers in Basic Cancer Research Meeting, held from Oct. 8 to 11 in Boston.

Khawla S. Al-Kuraya, M.D., of King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and colleagues evaluated leptin levels as well as the association between the expression of the leptin receptor (Ob-R) in 536 human thyroid cancer samples and tumor characteristics.

The researchers found that 80 percent of cancers overexpressed the Ob-R, which was significantly associated with poor disease-free survival, older age, larger tumor size, advanced staged disease, and metastasis. Further in vitro studies using thyroid cancer cells that overexpressed the Ob-R showed that leptin stimulated cell growth and inhibited cell death via the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway and further downstream signaling molecules.

"Altogether these data suggest that leptin plays a critical role in PTC [papillary thyroid cancer] pathogenesis through PI3K/AKT pathway via Ob-R and is a potential prognostic marker associated with an aggressive phenotype and poor disease free survival," the researchers conclude.

Press Release
More Information

Copyright © 2009 ScoutNews, LLC. All rights reserved.

Powered by

jQuery UI Accordion - Default functionality

For life-long learning and continuing professional development, come to Lippincott's NursingCenter.

Nursing Jobs Plus
Featured Jobs
Recommended CE Articles

Debunking Three Rape Myths
Journal of Forensic Nursing, October/December 2014
Expires: 12/31/2016 CE:2.5 $24.95


Drug updates and approvals: 2014 in review
The Nurse Practitioner, 13December 2014
Expires: 12/31/2016 CE:3 $27.95


Can Food Processing Enhance Cancer Protection?
Nutrition Today, September/October 2014
Expires: 10/31/2016 CE:2 $21.95


More CE Articles

Subscribe to Recommended CE

Recommended Nursing Articles Evidence Based Practice Skin Care Network NursingCenter Quick Links What’s Trending Events