Study Finds Minority Children Lacking in Vitamin D

Insufficiency and deficiency prevalence high among low-income black and Hispanic children
By Rick Ansorge
HealthDay Reporter

MONDAY, March 29 (HealthDay News) -- In the southeastern United States, minority, low-income children have a high prevalence of both 25-hydroxyvitamin D deficiency and insufficiency, with age and season significant predictors of vitamin D deficiency, according to a study published online March 29 in Pediatrics.

Conrad R. Cole, M.D., of Emory University in Atlanta, and colleagues studied 290 apparently healthy, low-income, minority children (mean age, 2.5 years) in Atlanta who were recruited during well-child clinic visits.

Overall, the researchers found that the prevalence of 25-hydroxyvitamin D deficiency and insufficiency was 22.3 and 73.6 percent, respectively. They also found that 25-hydroxyvitamin D deficiency was more common among non-Hispanic black children than in Hispanic children (26 versus 18 percent), and observed a reduced likelihood of deficiency in children aged 3 years and older and in those who were recruited during the spring and summer.

"These findings suggest that additional vitamin D supplementation, through diet, sunlight exposure, and/or vitamin D supplementation strategies, may be warranted for children with dark skin during winter and spring seasons in the United States," the authors conclude. "The data also raise questions regarding whether children at risk for 25-hydroxyvitamin D deficiency should undergo periodic measurement of 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels during the winter season, to guide supplementation."

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Copyright © 2010 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Powered by

jQuery UI Accordion - Default functionality

For life-long learning and continuing professional development, come to Lippincott's NursingCenter.

Nursing Jobs Plus
Featured Jobs
Recommended CE Articles

Blunt Chest Trauma
Journal of Trauma Nursing, November/December 2014
Expires: 12/31/2016 CE:2 $21.95

The School Age Child with Congenital Heart Disease
MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing, January/February 2015
Expires: 2/28/2017 CE:2.5 $24.95

Understanding multiple myeloma
Nursing Made Incredibly Easy!, January/February 2015
Expires: 2/28/2017 CE:2 $21.95

More CE Articles

Subscribe to Recommended CE

Recommended Nursing Articles

Comprehensive Care: Looking Beyond the Presenting Problem
Journal of Christian Nursing, January/March 2015
Free access will expire on March 2, 2015.

Pain and Alzheimer dementia: A largely unrecognized problem
Nursing Made Incredibly Easy!, January/February 2015
Free access will expire on February 16, 2015.

Glycemic control in hospitalized patients
Nursing2015 Critical Care, January 2015
Free access will expire on February 16, 2015.

More Recommended Articles

Subscribe to Recommended Articles

Evidence Based Practice Skin Care Network NursingCenter Quick Links What’s Trending Events