Regular High-Heel Use Linked to Lower Leg Differences

Frequent heel wearers have shorter gastrocnemius medialis fascicles, stiffer Achilles' tendons
By Eric Metcalf
HealthDay Reporter

WEDNESDAY, July 21 (HealthDay News) -- Wearing high-heeled shoes over the long term leads to shortening of muscle fascicles in the calf as well as increased stiffness of Achilles' tendons, according to research published online July 16 in the Journal of Experimental Biology.

Robert Csapo, of the Manchester Metropolitan University in the United Kingdom, and colleagues analyzed data from 11 women who wore high heels for an average of 60.7 hours a week, and a control group of nine women who usually wore flat shoes. Women underwent assessments including magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound.

The researchers found that the high-heel group had shorter gastrocnemius medialis fascicle length (49.6 versus 56 mm), which resulted in greater tendon-to-fascicle length ratios. They also had greater Achilles' tendon cross-sectional area and Achilles' tendon stiffness.

"In conclusion, we observed shortened gastrocnemius fascicle length and increased Achilles' tendon stiffness in habitual high-heel wearers, which might reduce the ankle active range of motion and thus explain the discomfort these women experience when walking in flat shoes. These results strongly support the hypothesis that muscle structure may adapt to a chronic change in functional demand. Functionally, the observed muscle-tendon unit adaptations seem to compensate for each other since no significant differences in torque-angle and torque-velocity relationships were observed between the high-heel and control group women," the authors conclude.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Copyright © 2010 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Powered by

jQuery UI Accordion - Default functionality

For life-long learning and continuing professional development, come to Lippincott's NursingCenter.

Nursing Jobs Plus
Featured Jobs
Recommended CE Articles

Blunt Chest Trauma
Journal of Trauma Nursing, November/December 2014
Expires: 12/31/2016 CE:2 $21.95


The School Age Child with Congenital Heart Disease
MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing, January/February 2015
Expires: 2/28/2017 CE:2.5 $24.95


Understanding multiple myeloma
Nursing Made Incredibly Easy!, January/February 2015
Expires: 2/28/2017 CE:2 $21.95


More CE Articles

Subscribe to Recommended CE

Recommended Nursing Articles

Comprehensive Care: Looking Beyond the Presenting Problem
Journal of Christian Nursing, January/March 2015
Free access will expire on March 2, 2015.


Pain and Alzheimer dementia: A largely unrecognized problem
Nursing Made Incredibly Easy!, January/February 2015
Free access will expire on February 16, 2015.


Glycemic control in hospitalized patients
Nursing2015 Critical Care, January 2015
Free access will expire on February 16, 2015.


More Recommended Articles

Subscribe to Recommended Articles

Evidence Based Practice Skin Care Network NursingCenter Quick Links What’s Trending Events