Distressed Personality Tied to Cardiovascular Outcomes

Type D personality associated with greatly increased risk of adverse events
By Beth Gilbert
HealthDay Reporter

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Type D (distressed) personality, a general propensity to distress defined by high "negative affectivity" and "social inhibition" scores, has adverse effects on cardiovascular outcomes, according to research published in the September issue of Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

Johan Denollet, Ph.D., of Tilburg University in the Netherlands, and colleagues provided an estimate of the prognostic risk associated with Type D personality using quantitative analyses of prospective studies that included 6,121 patients with a cardiovascular condition.

The researchers found that Type D personality was linked to a more than three-fold higher risk of adverse events (nine studies) and long-term psychological distress (11 studies). In a narrative review of 29 studies, the investigators found that type D personality and depression were independent symptoms of psychological distress, which had different and independent impacts on cardiovascular outcomes. The authors noted that adverse outcomes associated with Type D personality also may be attributable to biological and behavioral pathways.

"This summary indicates that in addition to depression, a general propensity to distress, as defined by standing on negative affectivity and social inhibition in the Type D model, affects cardiovascular outcomes," the authors write.

Full Text

Copyright © 2010 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Powered by

jQuery UI Accordion - Default functionality

For life-long learning and continuing professional development, come to Lippincott's NursingCenter.

Nursing Jobs Plus
Featured Jobs
Recommended CE Articles

Debunking Three Rape Myths
Journal of Forensic Nursing, October/December 2014
Expires: 12/31/2016 CE:2.5 $24.95

Drug updates and approvals: 2014 in review
The Nurse Practitioner, 13December 2014
Expires: 12/31/2016 CE:3 $27.95

Can Food Processing Enhance Cancer Protection?
Nutrition Today, September/October 2014
Expires: 10/31/2016 CE:2 $21.95

More CE Articles

Subscribe to Recommended CE

Recommended Nursing Articles Evidence Based Practice Skin Care Network NursingCenter Quick Links What’s Trending Events