View Entire Collection
By Clinical Topic
Diabetes – Summer 2012
Future of Nursing Initiative
Heart Failure - Fall 2011
Influenza - Winter 2011
Nursing Ethics - Fall 2011
Trauma - Fall 2010
Traumatic Brain Injury - Fall 2010
Fluids & Electrolytes
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Infants with iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) who receive a home-based intervention -- consisting of weekly visits to foster child development -- show improvements in cognitive and social-emotional scores, but don't quite catch up with nonanemic peers in the latter category, according to research published online Sept. 20 in Pediatrics.
Betsy Lozoff, M.D., of the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, and colleagues assessed outcomes on 128 6-month-olds and 149 12-month-olds who had IDA or were nonanemic (116 and 134 of whom, respectively, had at least two assessments). The infants received oral iron and were randomly assigned to a year of surveillance or intervention. Those in the intervention group were visited weekly, and these visits included an hour-long program that provided support to the mother-infant relationship.
The researchers found that, at baseline, infants with IDA were rated less positively than nonanemic peers in terms of social-emotional behavior. Those who received intervention followed trajectory patterns comparable to nonanemic infants in the intervention and surveillance groups, but IDA infants did not catch up in social-emotional behavior. Infants with IDA randomized to surveillance showed smaller increases in cognitive scores and had decreases in positive social-emotional ratings.
"Developmental interventions hold promise to benefit infants with IDA, whereas iron supplementation alone seems to be insufficient. However, the lack of catch up in positive social-emotional behavior that we observed points to the need to prevent IDA from occurring in the first place," the authors write.
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Sign up for our free enewsletters to stay up-to-date in your area of practice - or take a look at an archive of prior issues
Join our CESaver program to earn up to 100 contact hours for only $34.95
Explore a world of online resources
Back to Top