View Entire Collection
By Clinical Topic
By State Requirement
Diabetes – Summer 2012
Future of Nursing Initiative
Heart Failure - Fall 2011
Influenza - Winter 2011
Nursing Ethics - Fall 2011
Trauma - Fall 2010
Traumatic Brain Injury - Fall 2010
Fluids & Electrolytes
MONDAY, Oct. 4 (HealthDay News) -- There is no single faces pain scale for use in children that is superior to the others in all respects, according to an article published online Oct. 4 in Pediatrics.
Deborah Tomlinson, R.N., of the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, and colleagues searched the medical literature for studies using faces pain scales for children's self-assessment of pain. The reviewers identified 14 faces pain scales, focusing on four with the most psychometric testing: Faces Pain Scale (FPS), Faces Pain Scale-Revised (FPS-R), Oucher pain scale, and Wong-Baker Faces Pain Rating Scale (WBFPRS).
The reviewers found that the FPS-R scale was supported by the most extensive data for reliability and validity, though the WBFPRS and Oucher scales were adequately supported as well. The WBFPRS was preferred by children, but the inclusion of smiling and crying faces among the WBFPRS face choices raised the possibility of children confusing emotion with pain. The FPS-R was judged better for making psychometric measurements, which might make it preferable for researchers.
"For clinical use, we found no grounds to switch from one faces scale to another when one of the scales is in use. For research use, the FPS-R has been recommended on the basis of utility and psychometric features," the authors write.
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Sign up for our free enewsletters to stay up-to-date in your area of practice - or take a look at an archive of prior issues
Join our CESaver program to earn up to 100 contact hours for only $34.95
Explore a world of online resources
Back to Top