Gay Youths at Higher Risk for Criminal, School Sanctions

Study finds risks higher for being stopped by police, convicted of a crime, or expelled

MONDAY, Dec. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Nonheterosexual youths are at disproportionate risk for criminal justice and school disciplinary sanctions that are not explained by increased engagement in criminal or transgressive behaviors, according to research published online Dec. 6 in Pediatrics.

Kathryn E.W. Himmelstein and Hannah Brückner, Ph.D., of Yale University in New Haven, Conn., analyzed data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health from 1994 to 1995 and 2001 to 2002 and identified nonheterosexuality in three categories: same-sex attraction, same-sex romantic relationships, and lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) self-identification.

The researchers found that nonheterosexuality was a consistent predictor of a higher risk for criminal and school sanctions. For those reporting same-sex attraction, same-sex relationship, or LGB self-identification, the risk of being stopped by the police was increased (odds ratios, 1.38, 1.33, 1.53, respectively). Increased risk also was observed for juvenile arrest and conviction, adult conviction, and school expulsion. The researchers found that nonheterosexual females are at an especially high risk. They note that the disproportionate punishments experienced by nonheterosexual youths cannot be explained by greater engagement in illegal or transgressive behaviors.

"Thus, our results suggest an urgent need for all child-serving professionals to reflect on strategies to reduce the criminalization of nonheterosexual youth as they navigate adolescence in an often hostile society," the authors write.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Copyright © 2010 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Powered by

jQuery UI Accordion - Default functionality

For life-long learning and continuing professional development, come to Lippincott's NursingCenter.

Nursing Jobs Plus
Featured Jobs
Recommended CE Articles

Blunt Chest Trauma
Journal of Trauma Nursing, November/December 2014
Expires: 12/31/2016 CE:2 $21.95

The School Age Child with Congenital Heart Disease
MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing, January/February 2015
Expires: 2/28/2017 CE:2.5 $24.95

Understanding multiple myeloma
Nursing Made Incredibly Easy!, January/February 2015
Expires: 2/28/2017 CE:2 $21.95

More CE Articles

Subscribe to Recommended CE

Recommended Nursing Articles

Comprehensive Care: Looking Beyond the Presenting Problem
Journal of Christian Nursing, January/March 2015
Free access will expire on March 2, 2015.

Pain and Alzheimer dementia: A largely unrecognized problem
Nursing Made Incredibly Easy!, January/February 2015
Free access will expire on February 16, 2015.

Glycemic control in hospitalized patients
Nursing2015 Critical Care, January 2015
Free access will expire on February 16, 2015.

More Recommended Articles

Subscribe to Recommended Articles

Evidence Based Practice Skin Care Network NursingCenter Quick Links What’s Trending Events