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WEDNESDAY, April 6 (HealthDay News) -- Major depressive disorder (MDD) in adolescents is positively correlated with music exposure, and negatively correlated with reading print media, according to a study published in the April issue of the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.
Brian A. Primack, M.D., from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, and colleagues measured the independent association of different types of media use with MDD. An ecological momentary assessment protocol using cellular telephone-based short interviews was used to collect data from 106 adolescent participants, who were part of a larger neurobehavioral study of depression. Participants received up to 60 calls during an eight-week period; in each call they were asked whether they were currently exposed to media (television or movies, music, video games, Internet, or print media).
The investigators found that 46 participants were diagnosed with MDD. The researchers also found that, after controlling for age, sex, and race, each increasing quartile of audio use increased the likelihood of having MDD by 80 percent (odds ratio [OR], 1.8), while each increasing quartile of print media use was correlated with a 50 percent reduction in the likelihood of having MDD (OR, 0.5).
"Although this study helps clarify some of the theoretical relationships of our conceptual model, it also suggests the need to further elucidate the directionality and strength of those relationships. Determining the potential role of media use in the development or perpetuation of MDD may lead to interventions designed to better screen for and prevent MDD," the authors write.
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