View Entire Collection
By Clinical Topic
Diabetes – Summer 2012
Future of Nursing Initiative
Heart Failure - Fall 2011
Influenza - Winter 2011
Nursing Ethics - Fall 2011
Trauma - Fall 2010
Traumatic Brain Injury - Fall 2010
Fluids & Electrolytes
THURSDAY, May 26 (HealthDay News) -- Estimates from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), Wave IV, indicate that hypertension among young adults may be much higher than previously thought based on the 2007 to 2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), according to a study published online May 23 in Epidemiology.
Quynh C. Nguyen, from the University of North Carolina Gillings School of Public Health in Chapel Hill, and colleagues compared hypertension estimates of 15,701 participants aged 24 to 32 years who participated in Add Health with those from participants in the 2007 to 2008 NHANES. Blood pressure (BP) was measured after participants rested in a seated position for five minutes. Discordances in hypertension were analyzed and used to estimate the accuracy and reliability of blood pressure in the Add Health study.
The investigators found that hypertension rates (BP ≥140/90 mm Hg) were higher in Add Health compared with NHANES (19 versus 4 percent). Self-reported hypertension history was similar (11 versus 9 percent). Adjustments made for differences in participant characteristics; examination time; use of antihypertensive agents; and consumption of food, caffeine, and cigarettes before BP measurement had limited effect on the discrepancies in hypertension estimates. BP was similar among Add Health participants who were interviewed twice, as was BP at the in-home and in-clinic examinations conducted by NHANES III (1988 to 1994).
"The prevalence of hypertension among Add Health Wave IV participants indicates a high risk of cardiovascular disease among U.S. young adults and warrants further scrutiny by other investigators," the authors write.
Full Text (subscription of payment may be required)
Sign up for our free enewsletters to stay up-to-date in your area of practice - or take a look at an archive of prior issues
Join our CESaver program to earn up to 100 contact hours for only $34.95
Explore a world of online resources
Back to Top