Children's Social Goals Predict Response to Peer Aggression

Development, demonstration-approach, demonstration-avoidance goals predict behavior

THURSDAY, Sept. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Children's response to peer aggression can be predicted by their social goal orientation with development goals significantly predicting adaptive responses, and demonstration goals predicting maladaptive responses, according to a study published in the September/October issue of Child Development.

Karen D. Rudolph, Ph.D., from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and colleagues investigated the impact of social goal orientation, specifically development goals (improving social skills and relationships), demonstration-approach goals (gaining positive judgments), and demonstration-avoidance goals (minimizing negative judgments) on peer aggression in 373 children (mean age, 7.97 years) who were followed from the second to the third grade. The social goal orientation construct was validated through correlations with situation-specific goals and social adjustment.

The investigators found that development goals significantly predicted more effortful engagement, problem solving, and advice seeking, and less involuntary engagement and disengagement, and less ignoring. The demonstration-approach goals predicted maladaptive responses, such as retaliation, and disengagement responses like avoidance and denial, rather than effortful engagement, problem solving, and advice seeking. Demonstration-avoidance goals predicted pacifying (ignoring) or disengagement (avoidance) responses rather than responses that draw attention to oneself (retaliation).

"This study supported the idea that children's social goal orientation shapes whether they respond in planful and adaptive or involuntary and maladaptive ways. The goals children set for their relationships can directly shape how they respond by increasing the value they place on achieving certain outcomes," the authors write.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Copyright © 2011 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Powered by

jQuery UI Accordion - Default functionality

For life-long learning and continuing professional development, come to Lippincott's NursingCenter.

Nursing Jobs Plus
Featured Jobs
Recommended CE Articles

Blunt Chest Trauma
Journal of Trauma Nursing, November/December 2014
Expires: 12/31/2016 CE:2 $21.95

The School Age Child with Congenital Heart Disease
MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing, January/February 2015
Expires: 2/28/2017 CE:2.5 $24.95

Understanding multiple myeloma
Nursing Made Incredibly Easy!, January/February 2015
Expires: 2/28/2017 CE:2 $21.95

More CE Articles

Subscribe to Recommended CE

Recommended Nursing Articles

Comprehensive Care: Looking Beyond the Presenting Problem
Journal of Christian Nursing, January/March 2015
Free access will expire on March 2, 2015.

Pain and Alzheimer dementia: A largely unrecognized problem
Nursing Made Incredibly Easy!, January/February 2015
Free access will expire on February 16, 2015.

Glycemic control in hospitalized patients
Nursing2015 Critical Care, January 2015
Free access will expire on February 16, 2015.

More Recommended Articles

Subscribe to Recommended Articles

Evidence Based Practice Skin Care Network NursingCenter Quick Links What’s Trending Events