Waist Size Independently Linked to Type 2 Diabetes Risk

Link independent of body mass index; particularly strong association seen for women

FRIDAY, June 8 (HealthDay News) -- Waist circumference (WC) is independently associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes, and the association is particularly strong for women, according to a study published online June 5 in PLoS Medicine.

To determine whether WC can predict the risk of type 2 diabetes, Claudia Langenberg, M.D., Ph.D., of Addenbrooke's Hospital in Cambridge, U.K., and colleagues in the InterAct Consortium conducted a prospective, case-cohort, multicenter, European study. The study included 12,403 incident cases of type 2 diabetes and 16,154 cohort participants from a total of 340,234 participants with 3.99 million person-years of follow-up.

The researchers found that both WC and body mass index (BMI) were independently associated with type 2 diabetes risk, with WC being a stronger risk factor for women. Men and women with grade 2 obesity (BMI, ≥35 kg/m²) and a high WC (>102/88 cm for men/women) had a hazard ratio of 22.0 and 31.8 for type 2 diabetes, respectively, compared to normal-weight individuals (BMI, 18.5 to 22.4 kg/m²) with a low WC (<94/80 cm for men/women). A subgroup of overweight people with a high WC were found to have a 10-year cumulative incidence of type 2 diabetes comparable to that of the obese group.

"WC is independently and strongly associated with type 2 diabetes, particularly in women, and should be more widely measured for risk stratification," the authors write. "If targeted measurement is necessary for reasons of resource scarcity, measuring WC in overweight individuals may be an effective strategy, since it identifies a high-risk subgroup of individuals who could benefit from individualized preventive action."

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Copyright © 2012 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Powered by

jQuery UI Accordion - Default functionality

For life-long learning and continuing professional development, come to Lippincott's NursingCenter.

Nursing Jobs Plus
Featured Jobs
Recommended CE Articles

Blunt Chest Trauma
Journal of Trauma Nursing, November/December 2014
Expires: 12/31/2016 CE:2 $21.95

The School Age Child with Congenital Heart Disease
MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing, January/February 2015
Expires: 2/28/2017 CE:2.5 $24.95

Understanding multiple myeloma
Nursing Made Incredibly Easy!, January/February 2015
Expires: 2/28/2017 CE:2 $21.95

More CE Articles

Subscribe to Recommended CE

Recommended Nursing Articles

Comprehensive Care: Looking Beyond the Presenting Problem
Journal of Christian Nursing, January/March 2015
Free access will expire on March 2, 2015.

Pain and Alzheimer dementia: A largely unrecognized problem
Nursing Made Incredibly Easy!, January/February 2015
Free access will expire on February 16, 2015.

Glycemic control in hospitalized patients
Nursing2015 Critical Care, January 2015
Free access will expire on February 16, 2015.

More Recommended Articles

Subscribe to Recommended Articles

Evidence Based Practice Skin Care Network NursingCenter Quick Links What’s Trending Events