View Entire Collection
By Clinical Topic
By State Requirement
Diabetes – Summer 2012
Future of Nursing Initiative
Heart Failure - Fall 2011
Influenza - Winter 2011
Nursing Ethics - Fall 2011
Trauma - Fall 2010
Traumatic Brain Injury - Fall 2010
Fluids & Electrolytes
TUESDAY, Aug. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Evidence-based public health interventions to improve dietary habits, increase physical activity, and reduce tobacco use are identified in an American Heart Association scientific statement published online Aug. 20 in Circulation.
Dariush Mozaffarian, M.D., Dr.P.H., from the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston, and colleagues reviewed and graded current scientific evidence for effective population approaches to improve dietary habits, increase physical activity, and reduce use of tobacco. Strategy areas included (1) media and education campaigns; (2) labeling and consumer information; (3) economic incentives, including taxation and subsidies; (4) school and workplace approaches; (5) local environmental changes; and (6) direct restrictions and directives.
The researchers identified several specific population interventions that achieved a Class I or IIa recommendation with grade A or B evidence. Specific approaches in all six domains were identified as potentially effective interventions. In addition, the researchers identified specific interventions in each of these domains, for which current evidence was less robust, as well as other inconsistencies and evidence gaps.
"Policy makers should now gather together and say, 'These are the things that work -- let's implement many right away, and the rest as soon as possible,'" Mozaffarian said in a statement. "We have compiled an evidence-based menu of effective interventions for policy makers, stakeholders, and the public based on the results of numerous scientific studies."
Several authors disclosed financial ties to the pharmaceutical and nutrition industries. One author provides testimony against tobacco companies.
Sign up for our free enewsletters to stay up-to-date in your area of practice - or take a look at an archive of prior issues
Join our CESaver program to earn up to 100 contact hours for only $34.95
Explore a world of online resources
Back to Top