Free Birth Control Substantially Lowers Abortion Rate

Reduction in repeat abortions; abortions, teen pregnancies down versus national rates

MONDAY, Oct. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Providing no-cost birth control, including long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) such as intrauterine devices or implants, substantially reduces abortion rates and teenage pregnancies compared with the national rate, according to research published online Oct. 3 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

In an effort to evaluate the effect of providing women with no-cost birth control on the rate of unintended pregnancies and abortions, Jeffrey F. Peipert, M.D., Ph.D., of Washington University in St. Louis, and colleagues conducted a prospective cohort study involving 9,256 adolescents and women aged 14 to 45 years who were at risk for unintended pregnancy. Contraceptive counseling included all reversible methods and emphasized the effectiveness of LARC methods.

The researchers found that, in St. Louis, compared with Kansas City and nonmetropolitan Missouri, there was a significant reduction in the percentage of repeat abortions. In the cohort the rates of abortion were less than half the regional and national rates. Compared with the U.S. teenage birth rate of 34.1 per 1,000, within the cohort the rate was 6.3 per 1,000.

"We noted a clinically and statistically significant reduction in abortion rates, repeat abortions, and teenage birth rates," the authors write. "Unintended pregnancies may be reduced by providing no-cost contraception and promoting the most effective contraceptive methods."

One author disclosed financial ties to Bayer Pharmaceuticals.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Copyright © 2012 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Powered by

jQuery UI Accordion - Default functionality

For life-long learning and continuing professional development, come to Lippincott's NursingCenter.

Nursing Jobs Plus
Featured Jobs
Recommended CE Articles Recommended Nursing Articles Evidence Based Practice Skin Care Network NursingCenter Quick Links What’s Trending Events