Increased Substance Use Seen After Weight Loss Surgery

Frequency of alcohol use up 24 months after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery

TUESDAY, Oct. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Patients who undergo weight loss surgery may have an increased risk for substance use after surgery, according to a study published online Oct. 15 in the Archives of Surgery.

Alexis Conason, Psy.D., from the New York Obesity Nutrition Research Center in New York City, and colleagues conducted a prospective study involving 155 participants who underwent weight loss surgery (laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass [100 participants] or laparoscopic adjustable gastric band surgery [55 participants]) to assess substance use before and after surgery. Eating behaviors and substance use were assessed at baseline and at one, three, six, 12, and 24 months after surgery.

The response rates to the survey were 61, 41, 43, 49, and 24 percent at one-month, three-month, six-month, 12-month, and 24-month follow-up. The researchers found that, at 24 months after surgery, participants reported significant increases in the frequency of substance use (a composite of drug and alcohol use and cigarette smoking). Specifically, from baseline and from one, three, and six months after surgery to 24 months after surgery, there were significant increases in the frequency of composite substance use. From baseline to 24 months after surgery, there was a significant increase in the frequency of alcohol use for participants who underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery.

"Our study provides evidence that the frequency of substance use increased following weight loss surgery; more specifically, the frequency of alcohol use increased following laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery," the authors write. "Further research is needed to identify factors related to increased risk of alcohol use following weight loss surgery."

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Copyright © 2012 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Powered by

jQuery UI Accordion - Default functionality

For life-long learning and continuing professional development, come to Lippincott's NursingCenter.

Nursing Jobs Plus
Featured Jobs
Recommended CE Articles

Blunt Chest Trauma
Journal of Trauma Nursing, November/December 2014
Expires: 12/31/2016 CE:2 $21.95


The School Age Child with Congenital Heart Disease
MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing, January/February 2015
Expires: 2/28/2017 CE:2.5 $24.95


Understanding multiple myeloma
Nursing Made Incredibly Easy!, January/February 2015
Expires: 2/28/2017 CE:2 $21.95


More CE Articles

Subscribe to Recommended CE

Recommended Nursing Articles

Comprehensive Care: Looking Beyond the Presenting Problem
Journal of Christian Nursing, January/March 2015
Free access will expire on March 2, 2015.


Pain and Alzheimer dementia: A largely unrecognized problem
Nursing Made Incredibly Easy!, January/February 2015
Free access will expire on February 16, 2015.


Glycemic control in hospitalized patients
Nursing2015 Critical Care, January 2015
Free access will expire on February 16, 2015.


More Recommended Articles

Subscribe to Recommended Articles

Evidence Based Practice Skin Care Network NursingCenter Quick Links What’s Trending Events