AHA: Increased Cancer Risk for Patients With Heart Failure

For patients with heart failure, incident cancer correlates with increased risk of death

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 7 (HealthDay News) -- People with newly diagnosed heart failure are significantly more likely to develop cancer than community controls, according to research presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2012, held from Nov. 3 to 7 in Los Angeles.

To examine the risk of cancer in patients with heart failure, Tal Hasin, M.D., of the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., and colleagues conducted a case-control study involving 596 pairs of newly diagnosed patients with heart failure and community age- and gender-matched controls without heart failure, all without prior history of cancer, identified from Olmsted County in Minnesota.

The researchers found that patients with heart failure had an increased prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, obesity, smoking, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), previous myocardial infarction (MI), and peripheral vascular disease (PVD). In 9,201 person-years of follow-up, after adjustment for age, sex, and year, patients with heart failure had a significantly higher risk of developing cancer (hazard ratio, 1.57). This was unchanged after further adjustment for body mass index, prior MI, hypertension, diabetes, smoking, PVD, dementia, and COPD (hazard ratio, 1.58). The hazard ratios were not significantly different for men and women (P = 0.68), with a stronger trend for those younger than 75 years (P = 0.09). Patients with heart failure with incident cancer had a significantly increased risk of death (hazard ratio, 1.46), after adjustment for age, sex, year, year of heart failure, and comorbidities.

"These findings underscore the importance of non-cardiac morbidity in heart failure and raise the issue of primary and secondary cancer prevention efforts among heart failure patients," the authors write.

Abstract
More Information

Copyright © 2012 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Powered by

jQuery UI Accordion - Default functionality

For life-long learning and continuing professional development, come to Lippincott's NursingCenter.

Nursing Jobs Plus
Featured Jobs
Recommended CE Articles Recommended Nursing Articles

What internal motivators drive RNs to pursue a BSN?
Nursing2014 , October 2014
Free access will expire on November 24, 2014.


Breast Cancer Risk Assessment in Primary Care
MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing, September/October 2014
Free access will expire on November 10, 2014.


Nurses spurring innovation
Nursing Management, October 2014
Free access will expire on November 10, 2014.


More Recommended Articles

Subscribe to Recommended Articles

Evidence Based Practice Skin Care Network NursingCenter Quick Links What’s Trending Events