Lifestyle Management Guidance Issued for Cutting CVD Risk

Emphasize vegetables, fruits, whole grains as part of healthy diet; exercise three to four times/week

TUESDAY, Nov. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Recommendations for lifestyle management for adults who need to reduce low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) or blood pressure have been developed, according to a report published online Nov. 12 in Circulation and the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Robert H. Eckel, M.D., and colleagues from the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Expert Work Group reviewed and graded the evidence and developed lifestyle management guidelines.

The guidelines relate to diet and physical activity for adults who would benefit from LDL-C lowering or blood pressure lowering. In general, they recommend a dietary pattern that emphasizes vegetable, fruit, and whole grain intake, and includes low-fat dairy products, poultry, fish, legumes, non-tropical oil, and nuts, and restricts sweets, sugar-sweetened beverages, and red meat intake. This pattern should be adapted to appropriate calorie requirements, personal and cultural food preferences, and specific nutrition therapy for medical conditions. Reduction of the percent of calories from saturated and trans fats is recommended for those who would benefit from LDL-C lowering. Reduction of sodium intake is recommended for adults who would benefit from blood pressure lowering. Adults should be encouraged to engage in moderate-to-vigorous intensity aerobic physical activity three to four times per week for an average of 40 minutes to lower LDL-C or blood pressure.

"Lifestyle modification should be incorporated throughout the therapeutic window," Eckel said in a statement. "These recommendations should be a part of every physician's practice who is concerned with prevention."

Several authors disclosed financial ties to the pharmaceutical and nutrition industries.

Full Text

Copyright © 2013 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Powered by

jQuery UI Accordion - Default functionality

For life-long learning and continuing professional development, come to Lippincott's NursingCenter.

Nursing Jobs Plus
Featured Jobs
Recommended CE Articles Recommended Nursing Articles

Abdominal Pain: An Approach to a Challenging Diagnosis
AACN Advanced Critical Care, July/September 2014
Free access will expire on October 13, 2014.

HIPAA Compliance Practice Tips
Professional Case Management, July/August 2014
Free access will expire on September 29, 2014.

Follow the leader: How does “followership” influence nurse burnout?
Nursing Management, August 2014
Free access will expire on September 29, 2014.

More Recommended Articles

Subscribe to Recommended Articles

Evidence Based Practice Skin Care Network NursingCenter Quick Links What’s Trending Events