Critical Care — Currents

December 2002 
Volume 32  Number 12
Pages 32cc8 - 32cc8
  PDF Version Available!


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  • High-frequency oscillatory ventilation (jet ventilation) improves respiratory outcomes for premature infants only if administered at centers where the staff is highly experienced in giving the treatment, according to two studies.

    Researchers found that infants treated with jet ventilation could be extubated earlier than infants in the control group and that some infants in the jet ventilation group had a lower risk of death and lower need for supplemental oxygen.

    Overall, the evidence indicates that high-frequency ventilation doesn't improve outcomes unless used according to strict protocols by highly experienced clinicians.


    Johnson, A., et al.: “High-Frequency Oscillatory Ventilation for the Prevention of Chronic Lung Disease of Prematurity,” The New England Journal of Medicine , 347(9):633-642, August 29, 2002; Courtney, S., et al.: “High-Frequency Oscillatory Ventilation versus Conventional ...

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