MYTHS & FACTS: … About polycystic kidney disease

March 2004 
Volume 34  Number 3
Pages 75 - 75
  PDF Version Available!

© 2004 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc. Volume 34(3)             March 2004             p 75 … About polycystic kidney disease [MYTHS & FACTS]


Becky Lien Munson is nursing supervisor at the Washington School for the Deaf in Vancouver, Wash. Selected references for this article are available on request.

MYTH: Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is caused by kidney damage from acute or chronic illness .

FACT: Primarily a genetic disease, PKD has two forms: autosomal dominant, which affects 1 in 400 to 1,000 adults, and autosomal recessive, which affects 1 in 10,000 children and infants. In about 10% of patients with autosomal dominant PKD, the disorder is caused by a spontaneous mutation rather than an inherited genetic defect.

Polycystic kidney disease is characterized by multiple cysts that grow on the cortex, medulla, and distal tubules ...

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