CLINICAL DO'S & DON'TS: Measuring gastric residual volume
RICHARD L. PULLEN RN, EdD

$3.95
Nursing2014
April 2004 
Volume 34  Number 4
Pages 18 - 18
 
  PDF Version Available!

ABSTRACT
Outline

  • DO

  • DON'T

  • SELECTED REFERENCES



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    TO PREVENT ASPIRATION in a patient who receives tube feedings, measure gastric residual volume to assess the rate of gastric emptying.

    DO

    * Explain the procedure to the patient and provide privacy. Wash your hands and put on clean gloves.

    Figure. No caption available. Make sure that tube placement was confirmed on X-ray. Measure the exposed portion of the tube and compare the length with previous measurements.

    * Assess the patient for abdominal distension, nausea, and vomiting, which can signal inadequate gastric emptying.

    * Attach a 30- to 60-ml syringe to the tube and aspirate about 20 ml of gastric secretions. Check the color, consistency, and pH to help confirm tube placement. A pH of 1 to 5 generally indicates gastric contents; ...

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