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Objective: The aim of this study was to complete a systematic evidence-based review of published cognitive and behavioral treatment studies with pediatric subjects who have a history of an acquired brain injury (ABI).
Data sources: We utilized PubMed and EMBASE to search peer-reviewed journals from 1980 to 2006.
Data selection: Terms such as cognitive rehabilitation, speech therapy, language therapy, and behavior therapy were employed in the search and 28 studies met established criteria.
Data extraction: The data extracted from each study included specific details about the cognitive or behavioral treatment, subjects, study design, outcome measurements, and treatment effectiveness.
Data synthesis: The studies, involving 366 children and youth with ABI, were classified as 1 Class I study, 5 Class II studies, 6 Class III studies, and 16 Class IV studies.
Conclusions: Despite a limited number of studies, 2 treatment recommendations and 1 option were developed from this systematic literature search.
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