Body out of balance: Understanding metabolic acidosis and alkalosis
Rhonda Lawes RN, CNE, MSN

November 2009 
Volume 39  Number 11
Pages 50 - 54
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Lawes, Rhonda RN, CNE, MSN

Issue: Volume 39(11), November 2009, p 50–54 Publication Type: [Feature] Publisher: © 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc. Institution(s): Rhonda Lawes is an assistant professor of nursing at the University of Oklahoma in Tulsa. Use an arterial blood gas analysis to quickly recognize these common acid-base imbalances and plan appropriate patient care.

MAINTAINING HOMEOSTASIS is a delicate, yet critically important balancing act. By understanding the main factors that affect homeostasis and blood pH, you can quickly recognize signs and symptoms of metabolic acidosis and alkalosis and intervene appropriately. This article examines these two common, potentially life-threatening metabolic imbalances and discusses the usefulness of an arterial blood gas (ABG) analysis in the patient's plan of care.

Figure. No caption available. pH and homeostasis

The state in which the body's hormones, neurotransmitters, enzymes, and metabolic ...

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