Choosing Wisely® and AACN Critical Care


The Choosing Wisely® campaign was launched in 2012 by the American Board of Internal Medicine as a way to spark conversations to improve care and minimize unnecessary testing. The goals of the campaign are to ensure that care is supported by evidence; not duplicative of other tests or procedures already received; free from harm; and truly necessary (ABIM Foundation, 2014). Many organizations have released recommendations in support of the campaign – a full list is available here.

Last week, the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN) became the first nursing organization to get involved in the campaign. Its Choosing Wisely® list includes the following five evidence-based recommendations (American Association of Critical Care Nurses, 2014) :
  • Don't order diagnostic tests at regular intervals (such as every day), but rather in response to specific clinical questions.
  • Don't transfuse red blood cells in hemodynamically stable, non-bleeding critically ill patients with a hemoglobin concentration greater than 7 mg/dL.
  • Don't use parenteral nutrition in adequately nourished critically ill patients within the first seven days of a stay in an intensive care unit.
  • Don't deeply sedate mechanically ventilated patients without a specific indication and without daily attempts to lighten sedation.
  • Don't continue life support for patients at high risk for death or severely impaired functional recovery without offering patients and their families the alternative of care focused entirely on comfort.
AACN participated in developing these recommendations with the other three members of the Critical Care Societies Collaborative (http://ccsconline.org/) — American College of Chest Physicians, American Thoracic Society and Society of Critical Care Medicine.

As a nursing professional, I am proud to see AACN collaborate on this important initiative. I encourage you all to remain cognizant of these recommendations, share them with your peers, and stay up-to-date on the latest evidence.

For further reading, the articles below are available for free to logged in members of Lippincott’s NursingCenter.com.  Not a member?  Join now!

In the News: Rethinking Routine Blood Work in Patients with MI
American Journal of Nursing
 
Blood Management: Best-Practice Transfusion Strategies
Nursing2013
 
Parenteral Nutrition Risks, Complications, and Management
Journal of Infusion Nursing
 
Sedation Vacation: Worth the Trip
Nursing2013 Critical Care
 
Ethics in Critical Care: Twenty Years Since Cruzan and the Patient Self-Determination Act: Opportunities for Improving Care at the End of Life in Critical Care Settings
AACN Advanced Critical Care
 
Hoping for the Best, Preparing for the Worst: Strategies to Promote Honesty and Prevent Medical Futility at End-of-Life
Dimensions in Critical Care Nursing

References:

ABIM Foundation. (2014). About. Retrieved from Choosing Wisely: http://www.choosingwisely.org/

American Association of Critical Care Nurses. (2014, January 28). News: Critical Care Groups Issue 'Choosing Wisely' List. Retrieved from American Association of Critical Care Nurses: http://www.aacn.org/wd/publishing/content/pressroom/pressreleases/2014/jan/choosing-wisely-aacn-ccsc.pcms?menu=aboutus