View Entire Collection
By Clinical Topic
Diabetes – Summer 2012
Future of Nursing Initiative
Heart Failure - Fall 2011
Influenza - Winter 2011
Nursing Ethics - Fall 2011
Trauma - Fall 2010
Traumatic Brain Injury - Fall 2010
Fluids & Electrolytes
MONDAY, March 11 (HealthDay News) -- An outbreak of primarily pediatric Salmonella Typhimurium infections in the United States has been traced to aquatic African dwarf frogs kept as pets, according to a study published online March 11 in Pediatrics.
Shauna L. Mettee Zarecki, R.N., M.P.H., from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, and colleagues investigated the source of an outbreak of 376 cases of human Salmonella Typhimurium infections occurring primarily among children from 44 states from 2008 to 2011, which resulted in 56 hospitalizations but no deaths.
For cases, the median patient age was 5 years; and 69 percent were children younger than 10 years. The researchers found that compared with cases of recent Salmonella infection with strains other than the outbreak strain, the outbreak cases were more often associated with exposure to frogs, most often African dwarf frogs. In a sample of 18 cases and 29 controls, illness was significantly more likely with exposure to frogs (67 versus 3 percent; odds ratio, 12.4). Samples from aquariums of African dwarf frogs contained the outbreak strain, which was further traced to a common African dwarf frog breeding facility based on patient purchases.
"This is the first reported outbreak of human Salmonella infections associated with African dwarf frogs, particularly among young children," Zarecki and colleagues conclude. "This outbreak highlights the ongoing public health problem of salmonellosis among children from exposure to certain high-risk animals, such as amphibians (e.g., frogs), reptiles (e.g., turtles), and baby poultry."
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Find in-depth content on major issues provided by leading companies in partnership with NursingCenter.com
BD Safety Beyond Needlestick Prevention Learning Center
Sponsored by BD Medical
Sign up for our free enewsletters to stay up-to-date in your area of practice - or take a look at an archive of prior issues
Join our CESaver program to earn up to 100 contact hours for only $34.95
Explore a world of online resources
Back to Top