Clinical Update: Nail Disorders

Nail disorders make up about 10 percent of all dermatological conditions. Signs and symptoms of nail disorders include discoloration, changes in the shape of the nail, swelling of surrounding skin, thinning or thickening of the nails, and bleeding. Changes to the nails can also be a sign of systemic disease, including lung, heart, kidney and liver diseases; diabetes; and anemia.

About half of all nail disorders are caused by fungal infections. Melanomas can also grow under the nail. Other common nail problems are white spots, vertical lines (also known as splinter hemorrhages), bacterial infections, and ingrown toenails.

This Just In

From Our Journals

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 Influence of Smoking on Wound Healing in Patients Undergoing Nail Matrix Phenolization: A Prospective Randomized Clinical Study
Advances in Skin & Wound Care: The Journal for Prevention and Healing
May 2014 

 Putting onychomycosis under the microscope
The Nurse Practitioner: The American Journal of Primary Health Care
May 2014 

Pachyonychia Congenita Project: A Partnership of Patient and Medical Professional
Journal of the Dermatology Nurses' Association
January 2013

 Topics in Progressive Care: NAILING a key assessment 
Nursing2010 Critical Care 
September 2010

Common Nail Disorders and Fungal Infections
Advances in Skin & Wound Care: The Journal for Prevention and Healing
June 2007

Caring for the Foot: Mobile Holistic Foot and Nail Management
Holistic Nursing Practice
September/October 2005


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