1. Thumm , E. Brie
  2. Schaeffer , Ann
  3. Michel , Alexandra
  4. McFarland , A. Kristienne
  5. Long , Maryann H.
  6. Giano , Zachary


Interventions should focus on promoting job flexibility, realistic demands, and professional values. While midwives' commitment to patients and the profession can help bolster the workforce, it can also amplify negative experiences of the practice environment.