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  1. Kosco, Mary MSN, CCRN
  2. Warren, Nancy A. RN, PhD, CCRN


In this descriptive, exploratory study, nurses' perceptions of family needs as met during the critical care experiences of an adult member were correlated to the families' perception of those same needs as being met. The population consisted of 45 family members in a large county hospital designated as a Level 3 trauma center. Family members of adult patients and registered nurses who were assigned to care for them completed a three-part instrument, which consisted of the Demographics Data Questionnaire, the Critical Care Family Needs Inventory (CCFNI), and the Needs Met Inventory (NMI). Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The top 10 needs perceived by the family members and registered nurses were reported in order of importance during the first 18-24 hours on the CCFNI and NMI. Data were analyzed on all 45 need statements to determine the top 10 needs perceived as important on the CCFNI and perceived as being met on the NMI. A one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) test was performed on the data and yielded significant differences on three of the items. Linear regression was performed using t test which supported a significant difference on five statements based on critical care nursing years of experiences in critical care. Self-reported or open-ended comments from the family members and nurses were presented.