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critical humanism, immigrant, narratives, refugee, social support



  1. Anderson, Joan M. PhD, RN
  2. Reimer, Joanne MN, RN
  3. Khan, Koushambhi Basu PhD
  4. Simich, Laura PhD
  5. Neufeld, Anne PhD, RN
  6. Stewart, Miriam PhD, FRSC, FCAHS
  7. Makwarimba, Edward PhD


The focus of this article is on narratives of "starting over," and the embedded processes, conceptualized as "dissonance"-between what people had expected to find in Canada and their actual experiences, and "repositioning"-how they subsequently restructured their lives and redefined their identities. This narrative analysis is one way of illuminating the complex ways in which social support networks influence dissonance and repositioning, and subsequently influence health and well-being.