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  1. McPhaul, Kathleen PhD, MPH, BSN
  2. Lipscomb, Jane PhD, RN, FAAN
  3. Johnson, Jeffrey PhD


The objective of this study was to develop and test measures for assessing risk of violence toward staff during home visits. Home visiting health workers from public and private home visiting programs in a Mid-Atlantic state (n = 130) were surveyed to assess exposure to risky home visits, verbal and physical violence, and workplace violence safety climate. Two measures demonstrated evidence of reliability and validity moving the safety research closer to developing tools and processes for protecting home care clinicians.