1. Fichter, Jeannine L. BSN, RN, CGRN, CAPA

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1. Healthy muscles in this region are necessary for defecation.


2. A congenital disease marked by the absence of ganglion cells in a distal segment of the colon


3. The word used to describe constipation without an underlying disorder


4. This glandular disease may contribute to secondary constipation


5. A type of cereal helpful in combating constipation


6. A type of exercise that only requires a comfortable pair of shoes


7. Done with a probe, this test measures pressure, sensation, and relaxation of the anorectal area


8. Fluid absorption in the colon is an active process that depends on the transport of this electrolyte and chloride ions across the mucosa


9. Air passed by rectum especially after a colonoscopy


10. This type of an ileus is most frequently caused by peritonitis


11. This condition may contribute to chronic constipation


12. Megacolon may be caused by congenital absence of these myenteric cells


13. A stool scale to determine change in stool form


14. Condition of chronic constipation that results in involuntary leakage of feces causing soiling


15. The word used to describe the abdomen with increase abdominal girth


16. This specific group of individuals has an increased risk for constipation


17. Intractable constipation


18. We are more prevalent to having chronic constipation by 2.2:1


19. Lack of bowel motility


20. Medication that may cause constipation due to loss of fluids


21. This endoscopy examines the large bowel


22. The goal of this therapy is to condition the pelvic floor muscles to relax during defecation


23. Soiling of urine or feces


24. Like inactivity and dehydration, this mental state is a contributing factor to constipation




1. The act of having a bowel movement


2. Behavioral issues, painful lesions, and structural problems are all examples of this type of causes of constipation


3. These two muscles in the anorectal area relax during the act of defecation


4. Castor ______ stimulates colonic motility by softening and increasing water in the stool


5. A bulking laxative


6. A protrusion of an organ through a wall such as in the inguinal area


7. A potential long-term complication of constipation characterized by a stool plug in rectum-sigmoid area


8. An over-the-counter laxative


9. The right side of the colon


10. Should increase consumption of this food group especially with diverticulosis


11. Known as the paradoxical contraction of the anorectal sphincters during defecation


12. Abnormally large or dilated colon


13. Muscle contraction that causes the gradual progression of digestive content through the GI tract


14. This word describes the time movement from cecum to rectum which may be normal or slow


15. An over-the-counter daily probiotic supplement


16. Multiple outpouching of one or more layers of the wall in the colon


17. The large intestine has an absorptive capacity of 4 to _____ liters daily


18. Placement of these small devices can deliver transcutaneous electrical stimulation to help produce defecation


19. An acronym for pulsatile intestinal evacuation


20. Absorption of fluid in the large intestine is _______ dependent. The longer contents remain, the more water and electrolytes are absorbed


21. A group of analgesics that may contribute to constipation


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