Buy this Article for $10.95

Have a coupon or promotional code? Enter it here:

When you buy this you'll get access to the ePub version, a downloadable PDF, and the ability to print the full article.


  1. Pasero, Christine L. RN,BSN
  2. McCaffery, Margo RN,MS,FAAN


Elderly patients often need special measures to ensure effective pain control. Here's why-and what you can do to help.