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  1. Schmidt, Susan M. PhD, RN, COHN, CNS
  2. Guo, Lin PhD
  3. Scheer, Steven MD
  4. Boydston, Jenny BSN, RN
  5. Pelino, Carol BSN, RN
  6. Berger, Sandra K. MSN, RN, CNS


Efforts to control costs, especially those resulting from the 1997 Balanced Budget Act, have resulted in profound opportunities for futuristic community-based nursing care. A retrospective chart review was conducted on 1,992 stroke patients discharged from 15 Cincinnati hospitals from July 1, 1995, to June 30, 1996. Determinants and descriptors of stroke distribution were identified. This study shows how nurses can plan cost-effective care while maintaining quality through an epidemiologic assessment of patient, family, and community needs.