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  1. Burke, Carol MSN, RNC-OB, C-EFM, APN/CNS, CNM


Although the focus at delivery may naturally shift to infant transition, continued maternal vigilance during stage 3 is imperative to accomplish a safe outcome for the mother and her newborn. The third stage of labor is a normal physiological progression of birth that may be compounded by serious complications. The most common complication is postpartum hemorrhage due to uterine atony. Clinicians choose either active management or expectant management for stage 3 to prevent excessive maternal blood loss. Rapid identification and response to a postpartum hemorrhage are critical. A multidisciplinary perinatal team at a large Midwest tertiary center led the transition from an expectant to an active-management protocol within the obstetric service. Outcomes included a decrease in the postpartum hemorrhage rate and decreased usage of additional uterotonic medications during the immediate recovery period.