1. Snyder, Treasure NNP
  2. Walker, Whit MD
  3. Clark, Reese H. MD


One of the components of promoting good outcomes in high-risk neonates is supporting normal gas exchange while avoiding lung injury. Respiratory care in the first hour following birth plays an important role in stabilizing the infant with respiratory problems. The goal of this article is to review the causes of lung injury that can occur in the first hour and that could be prevented with careful respiratory support.