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  1. Palese, Alvisa MNS, RN
  2. Masala, Orietta MNS, RN
  3. Capitanio, Manuela BNS, RN
  4. Regattin, Laura MD
  5. Deroma, Laura MD


Closure of wards (units) during the summer is a management practice introduced in some Italian hospitals to deal with the national nursing shortage and seasonal staffing patterns. The authors discuss a cross-sectional comparative study that they conducted to assess the effects of this management practice on patient outcomes.