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  1. Paquette, Mary MSN, RN
  2. Bull, Margaret PhD, RN, FAAN
  3. Wilson, Sarah PhD, RN
  4. Dreyfus, Linda MSN, RN, CNS


Complex simulations can facilitate students' synthesis of knowledge. Simulations of cognitively impaired elders provide nursing students the opportunity to use critical thinking and clinical decision-making skills in complex patient care situations. The authors report their experiences in designing, implementing, and evaluating a simulation on cognitive problems in elders using actors. This simulation required third-year baccalaureate nursing students to differentiate delirium from dementia, identify symptoms of heart failure, and address a family member's concerns.