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Communication, Cost-effectiveness, Palliative care



  1. Morgan, Lindsay MSN, BSN, RN, NP-C
  2. Howe, Linda PhD, CNS, CNE
  3. Whitcomb, John PhD, RN, CCRN
  4. Smith, Kelly PhD, MS


Approximately 20% of deaths in the United States each year occur in the intensive care unit. This article reviews the literature on this important topic to critical-care nurses.