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  1. Kardong-Edgren, Suzie PhD, RN, ANEF
  2. Oermann, Marilyn H. PhD, RN, FAAN, ANEF
  3. Odom-Maryon, Tamara PhD


This article reports a secondary data analysis of a year-long study with 606 nursing students involving brief monthly CPR practice with voice-activated manikins versus no practice. Findings indicate that even with monthly practice and accurate voice-activated manikin feedback, some students could not perform CPR correctly. Implications of these findings for staff educators are discussed.