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  1. Dougherty, Cynthia M. PhD, FAHA, FAAN, ARNP
  2. Thompson, Elaine A. PhD, RN
  3. Kudenchuk, Peter J. MD, FACC, FAHA


The purpose of this article is to describe 3 foundational studies and how their results were used to formulate, design, and test a novel partner intervention for implementation in the immediate post-ICD (implantable cardioverter defibrillator) period after returning home. Nursing's expanding role into chronic illness management in the creation of evidence-based practice is highlighted. A randomized clinical trial comparing 2 intervention programs is being conducted with patients who receive an ICD for the first time and their intimate partners. Primary outcomes are physical functioning, psychological adjustment, relationship impact, and health care utilization.