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Authors

  1. Cheatham, Scott W. PT, DPT, OCS, ATC, CSCS

Abstract

Background: Total knee arthroplasty has been a treatment option for knee osteoarthritis since 1954. Recent evidence has identified various patient factors and prehabilitation strategies that may improve postoperative outcomes.

 

Objective: To evaluate the influence of patient factors and prehabilitation on postoperative outcomes.

 

Methods: The literature was reviewed from 1954 to 2012 using PubMed, CINAHL, and ProQuest.

 

Results: Strength, age, range of motion, pain, and expectations have the strongest influence. Obesity, timing, and gender have the least influence. Short-term prehabilitation using neuromuscular electrical stimulation and proprioception training may improve outcomes.

 

Conclusion: Patient factors and prehabilitation seem to be beneficial, but further research is needed.