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  1. Mosiman, Wendy DNP, APRN, CNS/PNP-BC, RN-BC
  2. Pile, Debra DNP, APRN, PCNS-BC


Infants and children are typically undertreated for pain. Many treatment options are available to prevent and diminish the pain experienced by children during venipuncture. Infusion nurses must employ pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatment options to make the experience more positive for the child, the family, and the nurse. These treatment options are explored in this article.