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Keywords

Simulation, Multidisciplinary anaphylaxis management, Self-efficacy theory

 

Authors

  1. Mason, Virginia M. PhD, RN, CCRN, ACNS-BC
  2. Lyons, Patricia MSN, RN, CNS-BC, CCRN, CPAN

Abstract

Multidisciplinary clinical simulation can be an essential part of nursing education strategies to improve and enhance patient safety and experience. Clinical simulation can be utilized to change practice, reinforce practices, and direct patient and family education needs for a safe discharge. Anaphylaxis is potentially fatal and is increasing in occurrence. A simulation scenario was designed by a multidisciplinary team to review anaphylaxis recognition and to provide simulated practice for emergency response. Clinical scenarios were developed based on evidence-based practices and included a prebriefing and postdebriefing. Bandura's self-efficacy theory was used as a framework to develop the project, as it supports behavior change strategies well suited for clinical simulation. Clinical simulations provide a nonthreatening environment for staff to learn, practice, and receive feedback to improve patient care and serve as a vehicle to role-play expected practices, enhance communication between disciplines, demonstrate progress, and evaluate competency.